Workplace Health and Safety Information Home Page
 
Quick Reference for Searching
the ILO Encyclopaedia & CISILO Database
 

When you enter a search topic, you automatically search across both collections. You can view the search results for either collection by clicking on the orange tab with the collection name, e.g. CISILO. The search results are automatically ranked using relevance ranking with most relevant documents listed first.

The ILO Encyclopaedia is organized in Parts and Chapters. You can search each individual Part by topic (as described in the Quick Reference below) or you can easily view the contents of each chapter. When you go to the ILO Encyclopaedia and the Parts are listed:

  • To search within a specific Part: from the listing of Parts on the left navigation bar, click the name of the Part and enter your search topic in the Search box.
  • To view a chapter: from the main page for the ILO Encyclopaedia, click + symbol next to the name of the Part and the chapters are listed. Click the name of a chapter to go directly to it and view the contents.

In the CISILO database you can search a specific field in the database records as described in Searching Specific Fields.

Use the Quick Reference table below as a guide to searching both of these collections.

Search Hints & Tips
Additional Ways of Refining Your Search
Searching Specific Fields
Field Searching In the CISILO Database

Quick Reference

Search using Example(s) Finds all records with:
Word
poison

"poisonous"
"Monograph"
White
AIDS
aids
"AIDS"
  • all word forms, i.e. poison, poisoned, poisons, poisonous, poisoning
  • the word poisonous only
  • Monograph only
  • White also finds white
  • AIDS finds aid, aids, aided, etc.
  • aids finds aid, aids, aided, etc.
  • AIDS only
Chemical Name "1,1,1-trichloroethane"
"methyl ethyl ketone"
toluene

*butanol

"benzo(a)pyrene"
  • 1,1,1-trichloroethane only
  • methyl ethyl ketone only
  • toluene, toluene diisocyanate, vinyl toluene, etc.
  • words ending with butanol, i.e. 2-butanol
  • benzo(a)pyrene only
CAS Registry Number 7440*<IN> CASRegistryNumber

7440-02-0<IN> CASRegistryNumber

  • "7440" in the CAS Registry Number, e.g. 7440-02-0, 7440-50-8, or 7440-41-7
  • the CAS Registry Number 7440-02-0
Phrase
(any string of characters separated by spaces)

prevention programmes

"prevention programmes"

prevention "and" control

  • all the words prevention and programmes, and all forms of the words
  • the exact phrase prevention programmes
  • the phrase prevention and control
Wildcard (*)

trichloro*

*flammable

7440*

  • words beginning with trichloro, e.g. trichloromethane, trichoroethylene
  • words ending with flammable, i.e. inflammable, non-flammable
  • CAS registry numbers with 7440, as in 7440-02-0, 7440-50-8, 7440-41-7, etc.
Single Character Wildcard

wom?n
cent??

  • woman and women
  • centre and center
Punctuation
apostrophy ( ' ),
hyphen ( - ), or periods(.)
"patient's mouth"
"self-poisoning"
"12.5"
  • patient's mouth
  • self-poisoning
  • 12.5
AND
(narrows
your search)
nausea AND rash
hazardous AND waste AND disposal
  • both nausea and rash
  • all words must be present (hazardous and waste and disposal)
NOT
(narrows
your search)
rash NOT nausea
sensitiz* NOT corrosive
  • rash but not nausea
  • sensitizer or sensitization but not corrosive
OR
(broadens
your search)

rash OR headache
headache OR dizziness OR nausea

  • either rash or headache
  • any of headache or dizziness or nausea

Tip:  Multiple words are automatically treated as a phrase. For example, a search for welding fumes will find all forms of these words as a phrase. To search for an exact phrase, use quotes, e.g. "welding fumes". To conduct a precise search using multiple words, use the Boolean search operator AND, OR and NOT (see the examples above).


Search Hints & Tips

  • Searching for words automatically finds all forms of the words (as illustrated above). To avoid this "stemming" use quotes around the word.

  • Multiple words are automatically treated as a phrase. For example, a search for welding fumes will find all forms of these words as a phrase. To search for an exact phrase, use quotes, e.g. "welding fumes". To conduct a precise search using multiple words, use the Boolean search operator AND, OR and NOT (see below).

  • If your search finds too many hits, try to use words that are very unique and specific. In our databases, avoid words such as "safety" or "health" as they appear in many records. Also, if your word is too general, such as "solvent" or "chemical", you get a long list of search hits.

  • If the number of documents and hits found is too high, refine your search or use the AND operator to narrow your search.

  • The words AND, OR, and NOT are always treated as search operators unless they are enclosed in double quotation marks, e.g. as in a search for health “and” safety, or “health and safety”.

  • Searching for a chemical using the CAS Registry Number makes your search more precise than using the chemical name. The CAS Registry Number is an unique identifier for each chemical substance.

  • Enter a word all in lower or upper case to find all versions of the word. When entering a word/name with mixed case, use quotation marks. For example, a search using:


  • "White" will find White but not white.
    any of these words Aids, aids or AIDS will find aid, aids, Aids, AIDS, aided, aiding, etc.


  • When using words or phrases with punctuation, e.g. apostrophy ('), ampersand (&), or periods, enclose them in quotation marks. See the search examples in the Quick Reference.

  • Use parentheses to make the search precise. If AND and OR operators are used without parentheses, the AND operation will occur first followed by OR operations. See the search examples in the Additional Ways of Refining Your Search


Additional Ways of Refining Your Search

Tip: Use parentheses to make the search precise. If AND and OR operators are used without parentheses, the AND operation will occur first followed by OR operations.

Search using Example(s) Finds all records with:
NEAR nausea <NEAR> severe these words near each other
(the closer the words are in the record, the higher the ranking)
NEAR/#
(where # is up to 1000)
waste <NEAR/10> disposal these words within 10 words of each other
Paragraph
(words in same paragraph)
nausea <PARAGRAPH> rash these words in the same paragraph
Sentence
(words in same sentence)
dust <SENTENCE> explosion these words in the same sentence
Typo & Spelling*
(up to 2 typos)
<TYPO> fetoxisity either fetoxisity or fetoxicity
Parentheses
(see Tip above)
(nuclear OR radioactive) AND program

either nuclear or radioactive, that also contain program

((nuclear OR radioactive) AND program) AND air either nuclear or radioactive, that also contain program and air

Tip*: Searches using the TYPO operator automatically find the US and UK spelling of most words, e.g. find sulfur and the UK spelling sulphur as well as spelling variations such as labeling and labelling.


Searching In Specific Fields

You can search in specific fields and further refine your search using these tips:

Search using Example(s) Finds all records with:
CAS Registry Number 1332-21-4 <IN> CASRegistryNumber the CAS Registry Number
Author Armstrong <IN> Author the word Armstrong in the Author field
Title program <IN> Title all forms of the word program in the Title field
environ* <IN> Title the words environment, environmental, etc. in the Title field
Source
(in CISILO Database only)
journal <IN> Source <AND> medicine <IN> Source all forms of these words in the Source field
journal <IN> Source <AND> medicine <IN> Source <AND> environmental <IN> Source

all forms of these words in the Source field

Publication Year
(in CISILO Database only)
1998 <IN> PublicationYear published in 1998
200* <IN> PublicationYear published in the 2000s
References
(in ILO Encyclopaedia only)
199* <IN> References published in the 1990s
"Preventive Medicine"<IN> References Preventive Medicine in the Reference name

Tip:   You can search additional fields in CISILO, see Field Searching In the CISILO Database.


Field Searching In the CISILO Database

For examples on how to enter field searches, see Searching Specific Fields.

Field Name Name/Tag Used for Searching
Abstract AbstractText
Author(s) Author
Bulletin Category BulletinCategory
CAS Registry Number(s) CASRegistryNumber
CIS Accession Number CISAccessionNumber
Descriptor(s) Descriptor
Document Type DocumentType
ISBN ISBN
ISSN ISSN
Language(s) Language
Organization Name(s) OrganizationName
Original Title OriginalTitle
Publication Year PublicationYear
Record Number RecordNumber
Series/Report Number(s) ReportNumber
Specialist Category SpecialistCategory
Summary Summary
Source Source
Title Title